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Quarterly Research Journal, Freedom
“Freedom” is a quarterly research journal published by Center for Peace and Civil Society (CPCS) in English and Sindhi languages since last three years. Freedom is circulated among practitioners and scholars of Sindh, Pakistan and South Asia and it publishes papers from scholars and practitioners across the country and region. Due to its quality and intellectual worth it has become one of the representative and leading journals of Civil Society of Sindh, Pakistan and south Asia.
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Major Gas Fields of Sindh
TCF (Trillion Cubic Feet)
Name of the Field Operator Company Year Location Estimated Recoverable Reserves Cumulative Production Balance Recoverable Reserve Heating Value (Btu/cu.ft)
Zamzama BHP 1998 Johi-Dadu 2.324 0.765 1.55 837
Bhit Eni Pak 1997 Sehwan 1.605 0.735 0.870 840
Mari MGCL 1957 Ghotki 6.98 3.622 3.365 733
Mari Deep MDCL 1997-98 Daharki-Ghotki 1.21 - 1.21 560
Kadanwari Eni Pak 1989 Khairpur 0.490 0.366 0.124 912
Kunar Deep ODGC 1991 Hyderabad 0.577   0.57 1029
Qadirpur OGDC 1990 Ghotki 5.056 .974 3.082 890
Miano OMV 1993 Sukkur 0.542 0.377 0.165 920
Sawan OMV 1998 Khairpur 1.5 0.856 0.6444 913
Kandhkot PPL 1959 Kashmore 1.68 0.773 0.907 835
Kandhra PEPL   Rohri 1.72 - 1.72 150
Major Oil Fields of Sindh
Units: Million US Barrels
Name of the Field Operator Company Estimated Recoverable Reserves Cumulative Production Balance Recoverable Reserve
Zamzama BHP 11.68 5.02 6.66
Bobi ODGC 11.564 5.174 6.390
Chack-66 NE OGDC 2.86 - 2.86
Dars and Dars Deep OGDC 10.227 - 10.227
Kunar OGDC 25.13 16.703 8.427
Kunar Deep OGDC 5.777 - 5.777
Lashari Centre OGDC 11.024 10.335 0.689
Pasakhi. Pasakhi NE OGDC 37.015 29.029 7.986
Qadirpur OGDC 10.114 2.868 7.249
Sono OGDC 19.244 15.865 3.388
Tando Alam OGDC 22.56 16.226 6.334
Thora OGDC 31.2 17.982 13.218
Akri North BP 6.111 5.919 0.192
Dhabi and Dhabi S BP 9.108 7.648 1.46
Dhabi North BP 7.498 5.919 1.579
Ghungro BP 10.467 7.041 3.462
Jagir BP 7.349 4.736 2.613
Khaskheli BP 13.654 12.194 1.46
Laghari BP 21.413 21.452 0.155
Liari and Liari Deep BP 8.113 7.897 0.3
Mazari BP 22.455 22.099 0.356
Mazari South and Deep BP 24.59 23.041 1.549
Sakhi, Sakhi Deep BP 8.32 5.283 3.037
Tangri BP 12.933 11.43 1.503
Zaur, Zaur Deep, South BP 7.806 5.616 2.19
Province-wise Oil Production in Pakistan,    2007-08
Province Oil Production (Million Barrels) Percentage
Sindh
Punjab
NWFP
Balochistan
14.37
6.51
4.68
0.024
56.13
25.46
18.32
0.1
Pakistan 25.60 100%
Source: Pakistan Energy Yearbook 2008,  Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources, GOP
Province-wise Annual Gas Production: 2008-09
  Province   Non-Associated Gas (MMCF)   Associated Gas (MMCF)   Total (MMCF)   %
Sindh
Punjab
NWFP
Balochistan
1,032,198
66,728
28,677
305,359
15,475
9,560
2,682
0
1,047,673
76,287
31,359
305,359
71.72
5.22
2.14
20.9
  Pakistan 1,432,962 27,717 1,460,678   100%
  Source: Pakistan Energy Yearbook 2009, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources, GOP
Province-wise Gas Production and Consumption Trend, 2008-09
Province Total Gas Produced (MMCF) Total Gas
Consumed (MMCF)
Ratio (Consumption VS Production in %)
Sindh
Punjab
NWFP
Balochistan
1,047,673
76,287
31,359
305,359
485,271
649,938
44,706
89,519
46
852
142
29
 Source: Pakistan Energy Yearbook 2008
Sector-wise Consumption Trend of Gas in Provinces, 2007-08
Type of Consumption Province-wise Number of Consumers
Sindh Punjab Pakhtunkhwa Balochistan Total
Domestic 1,866,585 2,760,238 375,325 179,372 5,181,520
36% 53% 7% 3% 100
Commercial 20,671 41,111 8,065 1,887 71,734
29% 57% 11% 3% 100
Industrial 3,515 4,792 650 46 9,003
39% 53% 7% 1% 100
Total 1,890,771 2,806,141 384,040 181,305 5,262,257
36% 53% 7% 3% 100
Source: Pakistan Energy Yearbook 2008
MDG Ranking 2005 of oil and gas producing districts (out of 98 Districts)
District Indicator-wise Ranking
Net Primary Enrollment Literacy Rate Immunization Water Supply
Khairpur 57 37 78 26
Dadu 70 43 53 56
Badin 47 60 60 43
A Statistics of local employment in a company
Office Total Employees Local Staff
Islamabad 60 2 (3.3%)
Karachi 176 10 (5.6%)
Field 204 175 (85.7%)
Source: Personal Contacts
Statistics of local employment in a company
Office Total Employees Local Staff
Head Office 225 15
Field 300 20
Source: Personal Contacts
Amount to be spent on Training
Phase of Operation Amount per year (US$)
Onshore Zones  
During Exploration 25,000
During Development and Production 50,000
Offshore Zones  
During Exploration 50,000
During Development and Production 250,000
Source: Petroleum Exploration & Production Policy 2009
Amount to be invested in Community Development Programs
Production Rate (Barrels of Oil Equivalent per day (BoE/day) Amount per year (US$) for Zone II and III
Less than 2,000 37,500
2,000-5,000 75,000
5,000-10,000 150,000
10,000-50,000 300,000
More than 50,000 525,000
Source: Petroleum Exploration & Production Policy 2009>
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CPCS works in collaboration and partnership with many local, national, regional and international civil society organizations. Some of the links are given below:
www.ned.org
www.civiceducationpakistan.org.pk
www.aku.edu
www.wmd.org/ndri/ndri.html
www.spo.org.pk
www.cssp.org.pk
www.rarre.org
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